It has been officially announced in Naivasha, Kenya that the initial peace agreement was signed Friday afternoon, Dec. 31, 2004, between the first vice-president of the republic of the Sudan, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha,… It has been officially announced in Naivasha, Kenya that the initial peace agreement was signed Friday afternoon, Dec. 31, 2004, between the first vice-president of the republic of the Sudan, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, and the chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), Dr. John Garang.
These are moments awaited for long by millions of Sudanese people. The iceberg of the conflict has melted and turned into rivers watering four million square kilometers.
Several officials and leaders from both sides witnessed the signing ceremony. Besides IGAD and its partners, as well as the UN. Sudan People's Liberation Movement leader Garang, Sudanese President Omar El Bashir, Kenya's Vice President Moody Awori, and South African President Thabo Mbeki, attended the agreement signing ceremony.
The signing agreement covered three annexes: first, the preamble on the final peace agreement, which by definition contains the agreement and guarantees found therein in form of protocols, as well as topics discussed previously, and subsequent agreements reached in this regard. The second annex contains an agreement on the cease-fire and ways of its enforcement as well as procedures related to that – the time frame, geographical locations for assembling forces from both sides, as well as the commencement of the deployment of forces. The third agreement, which both sides signed, comprises all the remaining details related to the implementation of the two protocols – power and wealth sharing.
The official celebration was scheduled for Sunday, Jan. 9, at Kenya Statehouse in a ceremony witnessed by several heads of state in order to make the function an international forum with a far-reaching impact for the peace agreement and its reliability.