By Dwight Brown
NNPA Newswire Film Critic
The New York Film Festival celebrated its 54th year by trying something new.
For the first time in history, its opening night world premiere was a documentary. Even more noteworthy, this non-fiction film is by director Ava DuVernay (“Selma”) and it focuses on America’s deep problem with its criminal justice/penal system and how it affects the Black community. Screening DuVernay’s powerful documentary “The 13th,” helped the festival make a social, political and cultural statement that may resonate for years.
Normally, analyzing racism, inequality, involuntary servitude, prison systems and police brutality is such a vast endeavor it would take a collection of books, a string of college courses or a PBS miniseries to begin to understand such complex subjects and their many ramifications. In one hour and 40 minutes, DuVernay masterfully takes on that arduous task, shares some illuminating analysis and starts a conversation.
With photos, archival footage and interviews, she presents something akin to a condensed post-graduate course that delivers facts, figures, history, parallels, anecdotes, observations and controversial incidents that corroborate her thesis. What’s on view is an equal dose of academic study, solid journalism and deep emotion that will provoke anger, sadness and hopefully motivation for change.
DuVernay’s mission is aided by scholars (Henry Louis Gates, Jr.), political commentators (Van Jones), unlikely sympathizers (Newt Gingrich), iconic activists (Angela Davis) and politicians. Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.) said, “We are a nation that professes freedom yet have this hyper-incarceration system that is grinding into it our most vulnerable citizenry and is overwhelming biased towards people of color.”
DuVernay connects the dots from the liberation of slaves by the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery, to the convict leasing that followed, then the Jim Crow system of apartheid, the FBI’s war against Black activism and today’s rampant incarceration of poor, Black men
Some of what DuVernay points out has been said before, however lots of the information she’s bringing to light will be alarming news to most viewers. Information such as the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a nonprofit organization of conservative state legislators and private sector representatives, routinely drafts state-level legislation that legally lets businesses take advantage of free labor by prisoners.
The film is a revelation on so many levels. When it ends, the feeling of anger and sorrow is almost overwhelming. There’s also a nagging feeling that you wish you had step-by-step instructions on how to help break the cycle and make a change.