The unemployment rate rose from 8.1 percent to 8.5 percent and more than 600,000 people lost their jobs last month. Just this year, more than 2 million have lost jobs. Since the recession began more than 5.1 million have been separated from their work. Some have gone back to work, but many have not been able to find employment. By anyone’s assessment, this is an employment crisis that undermines the possibility of economic recovery.