• Bison are the largest mammal in North America; bulls weigh up to 2,000 pounds and stand six feet tall; females weigh up to 1,000 pounds and reach a height of four to five feet. Calves weigh 30 to 70 pounds when they are born.

  • The scientific term for the American bison is: bison bison. A subspecies is the American Plains bison, which is known as the bison bison bison.

  • A “buffalo” is native to Africa and Asia. Buffalo and bison are not the same animal.

  • The only place in the U.S. where bison have lived continuously since pre-colonial times is Yellowstone National Park.

  • Bison calves are orange red in color and earned the nickname “red dogs.”

  • Bison were extremely important to the Plains Indians who relied on them for food, clothing, fuel, tools and shelter.

  • The average lifespan is 10-20 years. Female bison start breeding at the age of two; for males, the prime breeding age is 6-10 years.

  • Their eyesight is poor, but their senses of smell and hearing area excellent.

 

 from the U.S. Department of the Interior

www.doi.gov/blog/15facts-about-our-national-mammal

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